Any change in a regular life setup can cause stress. Sudden changes in the life like change of living place, getting married, illness, divorce, and problems at workplace can cause worries serving as triggers for stress. It’s not only the troublesome events but also the happy moments that can cause stress.
Not everyone has the innate abilities to cope with changes and stress and adjust to the new environment with ease in a short period of time.
The result is that people may have difficulty with their mood and behavior for some time after the event. Responses to stressful events can be as varied as the stressful events themselves.
However, in some cases the individual is not able to mentally adapt to the new environment and this can result in a state called Adjustment Disorder.
What Is Adjustment Disorder With Anxiety:-
An adjustment disorder is defined as an emotional or behavioral reaction to an identifiable stressful event or change in a person’s life that is considered maladaptive or somehow not an expected healthy response to the event or change. The reaction must occur within three months of the event or change happening.
It may be accompanied with feelings of insecurity, worry, helplessness and being driven to a reckless state of mind. It takes over the persons thinking influencing their behavior and thoughts.
Males and females of any age are susceptible to Adjustment Disorder. However, among adults, women are more prone to Adjustment Disorder than men. The disorder may occur at any age and may manifest for the first time in a new environment, a new place, a new school, or a newly imposed relationship. Hence best and most successful treatment should be taken for adjustment disorders.
Treatment of Adjustment Disorders:
The main motive of treatment is to relieve symptoms and assist with achieving a level of adaptation that is comparable to the affected person’s level of functioning prior to the stressful event.
There are many forms of treatment available for adjustment disorders, they include individual psychotherapy, family therapy, behavior therapy, and self-help groups.
Cognitive behavior therapy is has a positive track record in the treatment of Adjustment disorder with anxiety.
The patient is given realistic short-term goals at the start of therapy as the course of Adjustment Disorder is short-term in nature. Goals of therapy will be knit around other supports available to the individual in his or her life in the form of family, friends and community.
The individual’s coping skills need to be explored; usually the individual is likely to have many negative patterns of thinking. The therapist will help the individual identify the flawed patterns of thinking and offer an alternative solution to their problems.
Relaxation techniques are also used to help the individual deal with feelings of anxiety.
In no improvement is noticed through therapy; then medical treatment can be started to help the individual overcome the Adjustment Disorder With Anxiety symptoms.
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